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<h2>Profile</h2>

Nationality

Dutch


Personal details

Born 1933

Married, three children.


Education

Barlaeus Gymnasium, Amsterdam

1951 - 1953: Oregon State College, USA - mathematics

1955 - 1959: Gemeentelijke Universiteit Amsterdam - mathematics and physics, philosophy and Greek

1964: Economics (first part) - University of London

1965: Master at Law - University of Leiden


Professional Career

1960 - 1976: Shell Group : Posts in East Africa, Honduras, El Salvador, London, Indonesia and Paris

1973 - 1976: Director Shell Chimie, Paris


Political Career

1978 - 1982: Member of Parliament for the V.V.D. (Liberals)

1986 - 1988: Idem

1989 - 1999: Idem

1982 - 1986: Minister for Foreign Trade

1986 - 1988: Chairman Atlantic Commission (in the Netherlands)

1988 - 1989: Minister of Defense

1990 - 1998: Chairman of the V.V.D. Parliamentary Group

1996 - 1999: President of Liberal International

1999 - 2004: Member of the European Commission

2004 - today "Think-tank" Amsterdam


Other details

Member of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (London)

Author of books and articles on a wide range of topics

        Profile